Please visit my lab webpage for more info: https://engeos.ku.ac.ae/


Francis D., R. Fonseca, N. Nelli, D. Bozkurt, J. Cuesta, E. Bosc, On the Middle East’s severe dust storms in spring 2022: Triggers and impacts, Atmospheric Environment, 2023, 119539, ISSN 1352-2310.


Abida, R.; Addad, Y.; Francis, D.; Temimi, M.; Nelli, N.; Fonseca, R.; Nesterov, O.; Bosc, E. Evaluation of the Performance of the WRF Model in a Hyper-Arid Environment: A Sensitivity Study. Atmosphere 2022, 13, 985.

Francis, D., Fonseca, R., & Nelli, N. (2022). Key Factors Modulating the Threat of the Arabian Sea’s Tropical Cyclones to the Gulf Countries. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 127, e2022JD036528.

Francis, D., Fonseca, R., Mattingly, K. S., Marsh, O. J., Lhermitte, S., & Cherif, C. (2022). Atmospheric triggers of the Brunt Ice Shelf calving in February 2021. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 127, e2021JD036424.

Diana Francis, Ricardo Fonseca, Narendra Nelli, Oriol Teixido, Ruqaya Mohamed, Richard Perry, 2022, Increased Shamal winds and dust activity over the Arabian Peninsula during the COVID-19 lockdown period in 2020, Aeolian Research, Volume 55, 2022, 100786, ISSN 1875-9637. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aeolia.2022.100786

Fonseca R., D. Francis, N. Nelli, and C. Cherif (2022) Regional atmospheric circulation patterns driving consecutive fog events in the United Arab Emirates, Atmospheric Research, 2022, 106506, ISSN 0169-8095.

Fonseca, R., Francis, D., Nelli, N., Farrah, S., Wehbe, Y., Al Hosari, T., & Al Mazroui, A. (2022). Assessment of the WRF Model as a Guidance Tool into Cloud Seeding Operations in the United Arab Emirates. Earth and Space Science, 9, e2022EA002269.

Nelli N., D. Francis, R. Fonseca, E. Bosc, Y. Addad, M. Temimi, R. Abida, M. Weston, C. Cherif (2022) Characterization of the atmospheric circulation near the Empty Quarter desert during major weather events. Front. Environ. Sci. – Atmosphere and Climate.

Parajuli SP, Jin Q and Francis D (2022) Editorial: Atmospheric dust: How it affects climate, environment and life on Earth?. Front. Environ. Sci. 10:1058052. doi: 10.3389/fenvs.2022.1058052.

Raj P., N. Padiyath, N. Semioshkina, Y. Addad, F. Foulon, D. Francis, G. Voigt, 2022, Conceptualization of arid region radioecology strategies for agricultural ecosystems of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Science of The Total Environment, 2022, 154965, ISSN 0048-9697. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.154965

Weston, M., Francis, D., Nelli, N. R., Fonseca, R., Temimi, M., Addad, Y., The first characterisation of fog microphysics in the United Arab Emirates, an arid region on the Arabian Peninsula.

Zittis G. , M. Almazroui, P. Alpert, P. Ciais, W. Cramer, Y. Dahdal, M. Fnais, D. Francis et al., Climate change and weather extremes in the Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East, Reviews of Geophysics.


Francis D., R. Fonseca, N. Nelli, Deniz Bozkurt, G. Picard, B. Guan, Atmospheric rivers drive exceptional Saharan dust transport towards Europe, Atmospheric Research, 2021, 105959, ISSN 0169-8095,( https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169809521005159). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosres.2021.105959

Francis D., N. Nelli, R. Fonseca, M. Weston, C. Flamant, C. Cherif, 2021, The dust load and radiative impact associated with the June 2020 historical Saharan dust storm, Atmospheric Environment, Volume 268, 2022, 118808, ISSN 1352-2310.

Francis, D., Mattingly, K. S., Lhermitte, S., Temimi, M., and Heil, P.: Atmospheric extremes caused high oceanward sea surface slope triggering the biggest calving event in more than 50 years at the Amery Ice Shelf, The Cryosphere, 15, 2147–2165, 2021.

Francis, D., ‘Rivers in the sky’ carrying warm air destroy precious Antarctic sea ice, 2021, The Science Breaker Journal.

Francis, D, Temimi, M, Fonseca, R, et al. On the analysis of a summertime convective event in a hyperarid environment. Q J R Meteorol Soc. 2021; 147: 501– 525.

Fonseca, R., Francis, D., Weston, M., Nelli, N., Farah, S., Wehbe, Y., AlHosari, T., Teixido, O., Mohamed, R. Sensitivity of Summertime Convection to Aerosol Loading and Properties in the United Arab Emirates. Atmosphere 2021, 12, 1687.

Fonseca, R., Francis, D., Nelli, N., Thota, M., 2021. Climatology of the Heat Low and the Intertropical Discontinuity in the Arabian Peninsula. International Journal of Climatology.

Nelli, N. R., Fissehaye, S., Francis, D., Fonseca, R., Temimi, M., Weston, M., Abida, R., and O. Nesterov (2021) “Characteristics of atmospheric aerosols over the UAE inferred from CALIPSO and Sun Photometer Aerosol Optical Depth.” Earth and Space Sciences .

Nelli, N.R., Francis, D., Fonseca, R., Abida, R., Weston, M., Youssef, W., Al Hosary, T., 2021. The Atmospheric Controls of Extreme Convective Events over the Southern Arabian Peninsula during the Spring Season. Atmospheric Research, 105788.

Weston, M., Temimi, M., Fonseca, R., Nelli, N. R., D. Francis and S. Piketh (2021) “A rule-based method for diagnosing radiation fog in an arid region from NWP forecasts.” Journal of Hydrology.


Francis, D., Fonseca, R., Nelli, N. R., Cuesta, J., Evan, A., and M. Temimi (2020) “The Atmospheric Drivers of the Major Saharan Dust Storm in June 2020.” Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL090102.

Francis, D., Mattingly, K. S., Lhermitte, S., Temimi, M., and P., Heil (2020). “Atmospheric extremes triggered the biggest calving event in more than 50 years at the Amery Ice shelf in September 2019.” The Cryosphere Discussions.

Francis D., J-P. Chaboureau, N. Nelli, J. Cuesta, N. Alshamsi, M. Temimi, L. Xue, O. Pauluis (2020), Summertime dust storms over the Arabian Peninsula and impacts on radiation, circulation, cloud development and rain, Atmospheric Research, 2020, 105364, ISSN 0169-8095.

Francis D., K. S. Mattingly, M. Temimi, R. Massom, P. Heil, On the crucial role of atmospheric rivers in the two major Weddell Polynya events in 1973 and 2017 in Antarctica. Sci. Adv. 6, eabc2695 (2020).

Nelli, N. R., Temimi, M., Fonseca, R., Francis, D., Nesterov, O., Abida, R., Weston, M., and A. Kumar (2020). Anatomy of the Annular Solar Eclipse of 26 December 2019 and its Impact on Land-Atmosphere Interactions over an Arid Region. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters (Accepted)